Rules for Women - Hajj And Umrah Guide

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RULES FOR WOMEN

AlSafar Hajj and Umrah Guide
to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage...

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Women shall perform all the rites and ceremonies of Hajj like men. But in certain matters there are separate rules for them, details of which are as under:

1. It is unlawful, and also sinful for a woman to proceed for Hajj or Umrah without being accompanied by her husband or a Mahram.

It is narrated by Hadrat ibn Abbas as mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim, that Rasulullah said: “No man should stay alone with a strange woman, and neither a woman should travel alone without her Mahram”. On this, a person said “O Rasulullah , my name has been enlisted in Jihad and my wife has left for Hajj”. The Prophet said: “Do not go on Jihad, but perform Hajj with your wife”.

It is a sin to perform Hajj with a fake Mahram, that is the one not approved by Islamic Shari’ah,
although Hajj will be accomplished. The restriction is for both the young and the old.

2. If Hajj has become Fard on a certain woman, but she does not find a Mahram to accompany her, she should postpone her Hajj till she finds a Mahram. It will not be a sin if her Hajj is delayed on account of this. If she does not find a Mahram till her death she can make a will that an agent should perform Hajj on her behalf.

3. A widow or a divorced woman in IDDAH (the waiting period) should not go on Hajj because it is Haraam.

4. A woman is not required to wear sheets of Ihram like a man, she is permitted to use stitched garments of daily use, even the colored ones. She can also put on gloves and socks, but it is better not to use them. She can also use silken dress, gold and other ornaments and also the shoes which cover the raised bone of the feet.

5. She is not allowed to keep her head exposed like a man, rather it is Wajib on her to cover the head. It is better to bind her hair with a small handkerchief, so that her head remains covered but she should not cover her forehead, otherwise Jaza will be due, because it is not Ja’iz that the cloth should touch her forehead in the state of Ihram.

That she should wear handkerchief on the head is for the purpose of Satr (veiling). In Ihram it is not a sin to keep her head exposed. It is Wajib on a woman to cover her head in the presence of men folk while it is a sin to keep it bare. It has become customary with the women to cover the head with a cloth while in the state of Ihram but it is not her Ihram. While making Wudu, she should uncover the head for Mas’sah (to wipe hair with wet hands). Certain women perform Mas'sah on the cloth. This is wrong, because such a practice does not make their Mas’sah valid, and without Mas’sah, Wudu is not accomplished, as such Salah will not be valid.

Similarly, while taking bath for purification, a woman should unfold her head and wash the hair in proper way so that the water reaches the roots of the hair, and she should also wash her whole body, but she should not use scented soap, nor should she remove dirt from the body.

6. Women should not recite Talbiyah in a loud voice.

7. Women should not perform Ramal during Tawaf. Some women follow men in this matter which is wrong.

8. It is Mustahabb for the women to perform Tawaf at a distance from Ka’bah if there is a huge crowd of men. It has been observed that men and women become mixed while making circuits around Ka’bah and sometimes the uncovered portions of their body touch each other. It is a sin of serious nature.

Therefore, the women should perform Tawaf at the time when there is no rush of men, or they should walk keeping themselves at a distance from men. Similarly, the women should not try to touch and kiss Hajarul Aswad particularly when there is a rush of men, only symbolic Istilam is sufficient.

9. On rush days, specially on or around 8th Dhul Hijjah, the women should make sure that they finish Tawaf well before the congregational prayer begins, as there will be no room for them in Mataf to offer Salah.

10. In case of huge crowd at Maqame Ibrahim, the women should avoid performing Rak’atain of Tawaf there, instead they can do it anywhere in the Majidul Haraam.

11. Women should not run between the two green pillars between Safa and Marwah. It has been observed that some of them not only run between the two green pillars, but also maintain the same fast speed throughout the process of Sa’ey. Both these practices are wrong.

12. They should not ascend Safa and Marwah, too far.

13. They should walk along the railing. Thus they can avoid the crowd of men.

14. They need not get their head shaved to relinquish Ihram. They should have hair cut equal to the size of a finger joint from the whole or 1/4th of the head.

15. If a woman is in the state of menses while leaving home, she can assume Ihram. She should better take a bath or if it is harmful, Wudu will do. Then facing Qiblah, she should form Niyyah for Hajj or Umrah and recite Talbiyah. However, she must not offer Rak’atain for Ihram.

16. If the menses begin after assuming Ihram, it does not disturb the state of Ihram. Ihram remains intact. She will relinquish Ihram only when she completes all the rituals of Hajj including the ritual clipping of hair.

17. Such a woman should, however, stay at her residence in Makkah and she should not visit Masjidul Haraam, till she takes the bath of purification, because a woman should not enter the mosque in the condition of menses or lochia (blood discharge after child birth). However, she can continue to recite Talbiyah, Takbir, Tahlil, Istighfar, etc. but not verses of the Holy Qur’an. After taking bath for purification, she should perform Umrah.

18. Similarly, if menses begin before 8th Dhul Hijjah, she should assume Ihram in the same condition, i.e. form Niyyah for Hajj and recite Talbiyah, but should not offer Salah at Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah. She should, however, continue to make other remembrances like Talbiyah, Tasbih, etc. If she is still in the state of menses, she should not perform Tawaf till she is clean.

19. If Tawafuz Ziyarah is delayed because of menses, Dam will not be due. Since Tawafuz Ziyarah is a Rukn of Hajj, therefore, unless it is performed, Hajj is not complete.

20. If menses begin during Tawaf, a woman should discontinue Tawaf and should come out of the Masjidul Haraam. As Sa’ey follows Tawaf, she should not perform Sa’ey as well. She should perform Tawaf and Sa’ey after she becomes clean.

21. If menses begin just after completing Tawaf, she should perform Sa’ey, which is Ja’iz in this condition.

22. Except Salah and recitation of the Holy Qu’ran, a woman, in the state of menses, can continue Dhikr, recite Salat (Durud) on Rasulullah , and make Du’a. On the time appointed for Salah, she should make Wudu, put on clean clothes, and sit on the mat of prayer for the time she normally spent in Salah and recite:

(Subhan Allah) and (La Ilaha Illallah) and (I seek Allah’s forgiveness – the One besides whom there is none worthy of worship except Him, The Ever-living, The Eternal)

Rasulullah is reported to have said in a Hadith: “When a woman with menses seeks forgiveness at the time of Salah, one thousand Rak’at are recorded in her scroll and seventy sins of her are pardoned and her degree is raised in rank, and she is granted Nur (light) for every letter in Istighfar, and it is recorded that she has performed Hajj and Umrah, as many times as there are veins in her body. (Majalisul Abrar).

23. Istihadha is the discharge of blood that is of the nature of disease. It does not stink as menstrual discharge does. The discharge under the following conditions is Istihadha:

i) A woman who discharges blood after the maximum period, which is ten days for menses and forty days for lochia (blood discharge after child birth).

ii) A woman who menstruates beyond the period which is her normal, that is three or five days.

iii) The blood that a woman discharges for less than three days, or in the stage of menopause or during pregnancy.

A woman who suffers from Istihadha is considered as Ma’dhur (has an excuse). She should not discontinue Salah and Sawm or Tawaf. She need not have bath for purification. She should use sanitary towels, make fresh Wudu every time she has to perform Salah or Tawaf in Haram Sharif.

24. A woman should omit Tawaful Wada and no Dam will be due if her family members are leaving for home and she is still unclean due to menses or lochia.

She should not enter into Masjidul Haraam, but should make supplications by standing at one of the gates and she should look at the Holy Ka’bah from there and bid farewell.

25. It is generally believed by the women-folk that there is no veiling during the Hajj or Umrah. This is just because of ignorance. Such women commit sin due to non-observance of veiling and make those men sinful who look at them intentionally. In Sunan abi Dawud, it has been narrated by Sayyidah A’isha Siddiqah :

“We the women were with Rasulullah during Hajj, and we did not cover our faces due to Ihram. When the men passed by us, we draped the sheet of cloth that was on our head. This is how we maintained the veiling. And when the men had passed on, we again uncovered the face”.

AlSafar Hajj Umrah Guide
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Al Safar Tours offers Hajj and Umrah flights and hotels with secure online booking. Please call us to take care of the visa to complete your Hajj or Umrah package.

This guide has been developed to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage, to perform Hajj and Umrah. It is essential that you understand what you can and cant do before you start the journey of a lifetime.

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