Rules for Salah - Hajj And Umrah Guide



AlSafar Hajj and Umrah Guide
to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage...


1. The reward for offering one Salah in the Masjidul Haraam is equal to one thousand, while in the Mosque of Rasulullah (Madinah), it is equal to fifty thousand.

2. It has been narrated by Hadrat Anas that Rasulullah said: “Whoever offers forty Salawat in my mosque without any break or missing any one, it is recorded that he has got freedom from the fire and other tortures of Hell, and such a man is free from hypocrisy”. (Musnad-e-Ahmad).

3. It is Ja’iz to offer Salah anywhere around the Ka’bah, but it is very necessary to face the Holy Ka’bah. If one fails to face Ka’bah his Salah will be invalid. It is enough to set direction towards Qiblah when one is at a far distance from Ka’bah, but if he is seeing Ka’bah with his own eyes and
does not face it exactly, his Salah will not be valid. Facing Ka’bah while one is looking at it, is a condition for Salah.

4. In the Masjidul Haraam, the women, in a huge crowd stand in front of men or even at their sides, while performing Salah in Jama’ah (congregation Salah) and although this is Haraam, they do not listen when asked not to do it. Even the men who accompany the women ask them to do so.

In a Jama’ah, following the same Imam, if a woman stands on either side of a man or in his front, it invalidates the Salah of three men; the two on her either side and the one behind her, even if they are Mahram of that woman, such as father, brother son or husband.

5. In the Masjidul Haraam, the Adhan (call for congregational Salah) for Fajr Salah is pronounced immediately after dawn, therefore the time for Ishraq prayer begins after about one and a half hour after the Adhan of Fajr. If one knows the exact time of sunrise, he can offer Ishraq payer ten minutes after this time. It is reported in a Hadith that one who remains busy in worship from the time of Fajr till the sunrise, and offers two or four Rak’at of Ishraq, he gets the Thawab equal to one Hajj and one Umrah. The pilgrims should try to follow this Hadith both in the Haram of Ka’bah and the Haram of Madinah.

6. No one should perform any type of Salah at exact sunrise, or exact declining of the sun or exact sunset. If a man offers Salah during these times, it is Wajib on him to repeat it.

7. It is undesirable to offer Rak’atain for Tawaf during Makruh time. The Ahnaf (following the Fiqh of Imam abu Hanifah), should not perform Rak’atain for Tawaf, even after Asr prayers. If they perform Tawaf after Asr they should perform the Rak’atain for it after Maghrib (after Fard Salah).

8. Similarly, no Salah can be performed after the Adhan of Fajr except the Sunnah of Fajr, Janazah prayers or any Qada (Fard that is missed). In the same way, it is not Ja’iz to offer any Nafl Rak’atain after the Fajr and before Ishraq prayers. Therefore, the Rak’atain of Tawaf should be offered after the sunrise at the time of Ishraq but before one performs Nafl for Ishraq.

9. In the great rush, a pilgrim should not perform Rak’atain for Tawaf at Maqame Ibrahim, as he cannot do it without being greatly disturbed by the crowd and can have no concentration which is the soul of Salah. As this Salah is Wajib, it must not be missed.

10. Most of the pilgrims do not know the rules about the Qasr (curtailed Fard Salah offered by a Musafir) and they make mistakes and even wrangle among themselves whether to perform Qasr at Mina, Muzdalifah and Arafat or full Fard Salah. Therefore, a definition of Qasr is given below:

a) According to Shari’ah, the term “MUSAFIR” (traveler) applies to a person who leaves his home on a journey which can be covered on foot in three days, that is a place situated at a distance of 48 miles or 70 km, irrespective of the time taken to reach there, and with the intention of staying there for less than 15 days. He should curtail his Fard Salah when he leaves the populated area of his town behind. If the railway station or the bus stand is within the populated area it is considered as a part of that town and if it lies beyond it, it is not the part of the town.

b) A Musafir, who has the intention of staying for 15 days or more at a place, during his journey, becomes a Muqim (resident). But if he intends to stay 15 days at two different places, he remains a Musafir. Therefore, a pilgrim who arrives in Makkah at a time when his stay there up to 8th of Dhul Hijjah, when he will have to leave for Mina, is not full 15 days, according to Shari’ah, he is still a Musafir, not a Muqim because within 15 days he will have to proceed to Mina and Arafat. Such a person will have to perform Qasr Salah for Zuhr, Asr and Isha, He need not make Qasr in the Fard Salah of Fajr, Maghrib and Salatul Witr, these will be performed as usual.

11. If a person of Jeddah or Makkah, travels between Jeddah and Makkah, he will not be a Musafir according to Shari’ah because the distance between the two is less than 48 miles or 70 km but if a resident of Jeddah also visits Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah, he is considered to be a Musafir. So when the residents of Jeddah, perform Hajj, they are Musafir at these places.

12. For a Musafir it is a sin to perform the Fard Salah of Zuhr, Asr and Isha without Qasr. However, if he does it inadvertently and made Qa’dah (sitting erect) after the second Rak’at thus performed will be accounted as two for Fard and two for Nafl, provided he performs a Sajdah for Sah-w (forgetful
omission), otherwise all the four Rak’at will be treated as Nafl. Therefore, the Fard Salah will have to be performed anew.

13. There is no Qasr in the Sunnah prayer, i.e. the Musafir shall also perform four Rak’at of Sunnah in place of four. It, however, does not matter if due to urgency or emergency, Sunnah prayer is omitted during journey, but if conditions are normal, the Sunnah should not be omitted, particularly the Sunnah of Fajr.

14. A pilgrim in Makkah will be treated a Muqim for the purpose of Salah if he stays there for fifteen days up to 7th Dhul Hijjah. Such a person should perform full Salah (not Qasr) in Makkah, Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah.

15. In both the Sacred Sanctuaries of Makkah and Madinah, only a Muqim Imam leads the Jama’ah.

The travelers will also offer four Rak’at while following him. Some of the pilgrims, after completing two Rak’at, break the Salah. This is wrong, the Salah of such a person will not be valid.

16. Similarly, if the Imam is Muqim, his followers, including Musafir, will perform the full Fard Salah at the time of Zuhr and Asr in Arafat. Before offering Salah there, one should make sure as to whether Imam is Muqim or Musafir.

17. If Imam is a Musafir, he should offer Qasr Salah where necessary and so should do his followers who are Musafir but those who are Muqim, should complete their full Salah individually. They will not recite anything during their remaining two Rak’at, rather keep quite, consuming time spent on the recitation of AL-FATIHAH and complete their Salah after Ruku, Sajdah and sitting for “Tashahhud”. In these two Rak’at, if Sajdah for Sah-w becomes due, they should not perform it as still they are considered to be following the same Imam.

18. If a Muqim Imam makes Qasr in Arafat or Mina, that is he curtails the number of Rak’at as a Musafir does, the Salah of both the Imam and his followers will be invalid. If this be the case, the Musafir should arrange his own Jama’ah, appoint a Musafir Imam and make Qasr, or appoint a Muqim
Imam and perform full Fard Salah, following him.

19. It is not Wajib to combine Zuhr and Asr in Arafat. It is a Sunnah. But according to Imam abu Hanifah, Zuhr and Asr can be combined in Arafat provided the king or the Qadi who represents him, is Imam. In the Namirah Mosque, such an Imam leads the prayer. As such both the prayers can be
combined only there. One should offer Fard Rak’at of Zuhr only, leaving out Sunnah and Nafl. Then he should say Talbiyah and Takbiratut Tashriq. Then he should offer Salatul Asr.

20. But if one performs the prayers of Zuhr alone or in Jama’ah in his tent, he should perform complete Salah including Fard, Sunnah and Nafl, then he should perform Asr Salah at its prescribed time.

21. A pilgrim should not perform Salah at his residence as a Muqtadi following the voice of an Imam, which is being broadcast from any mosque as Salah thus performed will be void. Salah performed is also void, if there is no continuity between the Imam and his followers standing in rows behind him and if they are separated by a space of two rows, or by a road or by a tent or house.

22. Jama’ah is not a condition for offering Maghrib and Isha combined in Muzdalifah. However, it is more virtuous to perform Salah in Jama’ah.

23. It is Wajib to combine Maghrib and Isha at Muzdalifah, and there is no condition that the king or his representative should be Imam, as in Arafat.

24. If a pilgrim reaches Muzdalifah before the time of Isha, he will have to wait till it is time for Isha.

When the time for Isha comes, he will offer both Maghrib and Isha with one Adhan and one Takbir.

First he shall offer Fard Salah for Maghrib then for Isha without Takbir or Adhan or Sunnah Salah intervening them. Then he should offer Sunnah for Maghrib and Isha and Witr respectively.

25. One should note that Hanafi Fiqh does not allow a person to combine Zuhr and Asr or Maghrib and Isha prayers while on journey. Every Salah is to be performed separately at its appointed time except Arafat and Muzdalifah as it has been explained above.

26. Some pilgrims sleep in Haram Sharif and when they get up, they perform Salah without Wudu. One should make sure that in the posture he has slept his Wudu is intact. Salah without Wudu is void.

27. It is Makruh to offer Nafl Salah at Safah and Marwah.

28. Hatim is also a part of Baitullah. If a pilgrim does not get a chance to enter Baitullah, he should offer Salah under Mizabur Rahamah in Hatim.

29. One should be careful not to miss the Jama’ah at Masjidul Haraam and Masjidun Nabvi. It is a great misfortune indeed, if this happens intentionally.

30. Salah becomes void if the Muqtadi stands making rows at a place which is not behind the Imam but ahead of him. It is often seen at Masjidun Nabvi and Masjiul Khaif. One should be careful not to do so.

31. Salatut Tasbih
It has a great reward. Rasulullah taught Salatut Tasbih to his uncle Hadrat Abbas and had told him “On account of this prayer, all of your sins, former and later, new and old, small and grave will be forgiven”. He further told him “If possible, perform it once daily; if it is not possible to perform it daily,
then perform it once a week; if it is not possible to perform it once a week, then perform it once a month; if it is not possible to perform it once a month, then perform it once a year; and if this too is not possible then you must perform it at least once in your whole life”. In the Salah following Tasbih is recited, 300 times:

Subhaan Allahe Walhamdo lillahe Wala ilaha illallaho W'allaho Akbar
(Glory be to Allah, and praise be to Allah. There is no deity save Allah and Allah is Supreme)

How to perform it?
Form intention to perform four Rak'at of Salatut Tasbih, then recite the above Tasbih 75 times in each Rak'at as follows:

(a) After Thana Subhana Kalla Humma... 15 times
(b) After Al-Fatihah and Ayat from the Holy Qur'an 10 times
(c) After Subhana Rabbiyel Azeem in Ruku (bowing) 10 times
(d) While standing up after Ruku and after reciting Sami' Allahu liman hamidah
and Rab'bana lakal hamd 10 times
(e) In Sajdah, after Subhana Rabbiyal A'la 10 times
(f) Sitting after the first Sajdah 10 times
(g) In the second Sajdah after Subhana Rabbiyal A'la 10 times

Repeat the same process in the second, third and fourth Rak'at as well. If a person forgetfully recites the Tasbihat for more or less times than the given number in a Rukn, he should rectify the mistake in the next Rukn by adding to or subtracting from the given number he has to recite there; that is if a
person recites the Tasbihat for only eight times in Ruku, he should recite it two times more in Sajdah, and if he recites it two times more, that is twelve times, he should recite it two times less in Sajdah.

32. Salatul Janazah (Funeral Prayer)
In both the sacred places, Makkah and Madinah, after every Salah dead bodies are brought and Funeral Prayer is offered. Therefore, it is necessary to learn the method of the Funeral Prayer:

(a) Stand in a row behind Imam and form Niyyah for the Salah by uttering these words: “I form Niyyah to perform Salatul Janazah, for Almighty Allah, Du'a for the deceased, with four Takbirat, following this Imam”.

(b) The Imam will call Allahu Akbar loudly, then raise both the hands to the lobe of ears, as in Salah and say Allahu Akbar, folding both the hands below the navel and recite Thana Subhana Kalla Humma... (till end) quietly.

(c) Then Imam will call aloud Allahu Akbar the second time, repeat the same without unfolding your hands and then recite Salat-alan Nabiyye (Durud) as in Salah, silently.

(d) When Imam calls loudly Allahu Akbar, the third time, repeat the same without unfolding your hands and make Du'a for the dead and all the Muminin. It is better to make the Du'a prescribed by Rasulullah . If you do not remember it, make Du'a relating to Akhirah such as:

(O Allah! Forgive me and him (the dead one) and the believer men and believer women.)

e) Thus, without unfolding hands, say Allahu Akbar, for the fourth time after the Imam says it loudly and finish the Salah by turning face first to the right and then to the left for Salam.

I. In the Janazah Prayers, there are three Sunan and it is also Sunnah to observe order i.e.:

(a) To recite Thana (Praise of Allah) after first Takbir.
(b) Salat Alan Nabiyye (Durud) after the second Takbir.
(c) Du'a after third Takbir.

II. It is Wajib to turn your face to the right and then to the left side for Salam while finishing Salah.

III. It is Fard to say Allahu Akbar four times. If anybody misses even one Takbir, his prayer will be void. Therefore, if a person joins the prayer when Imam has already performed a few Takbirat, he should not join the Salah at once, rather he should wait till the Imam says Takbir and then he
should join the Salah. This Takbir will serve as Takbirut Tahrimah (first Takbir) for him. When Imam turns his face to the right for Salam, he should not follow him, rather he should complete his lapsed Takbirat and then turn his face to conclude the Salah.

If a person joins when Imam has said the fourth Takbir, he should at once join the Salah before Imam turns his face to the right for Salam, and then complete the three Takbirat he has missed, then should finish the Salah.

IV. Prescribed Du'as:
(a) If the deceased is an adult male or female:
( (O Allah! Forgive those of us who are alive and those of us who are dead; those of us who are present and those of us who are absent; those of us who are young and those of us who are adults; our males and our females. Oh Allah! whomsoever You keep alive, let him live as a follower of Islam and whomsoever You cause to die, let him die a Believer.)

(9(b) If the deceased is a minor child, make this Du'a:

(O Allah! make him (this child) a source for our salvation and make him a source of reward and treasure for us and make him an intercessor for us and one whose intercession is accepted).

(c) If the deceased is a minor girl, make this Du'a:

(O Allah! make her (this child) a source for our salvation and make her a source of reward and treasure for us and make her an intercessor for us and one whose intercession is accepted).

33. Performance of Qada (Missed) Salah
i. If a person does not perform Salah that is Fard, at its appointed time, he commits a great sin.

He should make haste to perform Qada Salawat that were Fard on him, that is twenty Rak'at in a day including Witr.

ii. There is no prescribed time for performing Qada prayers. They can be performed at any time except during the forbidden time, i.e. right at the time when sun is rising, right at Zawal, and right at the time when sun is setting.

iii. If he missed a large number of prayers, the Niyyah for each Qada Salah should be as follows:
“ I make the intention to perform the first Qada Salah for Fajr or Zuhr, etc.” as the case be.

a) It is wrong to think that if a person performs one Qada Salah on a Friday in the month of Ramadan, or anywhere in the Sacred Mosque at Makkah and Madinah, he has made up the loss of all the missed prayers.

b) Tawbah does not make up the loss of a Rukn of Islam that is Fard. Therefore, it is necessary to perform all the prayers a person has missed right from the time of puberty up to date.

In the end, there is an appeal to the pilgrims that they should try to prove themselves ideal Muslims.

They should make a pledge that they will never miss any Salah. If there is time for Salah during the flight and it is feared that it will run out before landing, one should offer Salah in the airplane, otherwise one should wait for landing. If a pilgrim performs the Salah and stands in the airplane facing the correct direction of Qiblah, he need not repeat it after landing, otherwise he should repeat it on landing.

AlSafar Hajj Umrah Guide
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Al Safar Tours offers Hajj and Umrah flights and hotels with secure online booking. Please call us to take care of the visa to complete your Hajj or Umrah package.

This guide has been developed to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage, to perform Hajj and Umrah. It is essential that you understand what you can and cant do before you start the journey of a lifetime.


[22:32] Indeed, those who reverence the rites decreed by Allah demonstrate the righteousness of their hearts.

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