Ramyul Jimar in Mina - Hajj And Umrah Guide


Ramyul Jimar in Mina

AlSafar Hajj and Umrah Guide
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215. Ramy is the act of pelting the Jimar at Mina with pebbles.

216. The word “Jimar” is the plural of Jamrah which means small pebbles. Jamrah also signifies the place which is pelted with stones. According to Hanafi school of Fiqh, Jamrah is the plinth on which the pillar stands, and a small arc is made around its base for collecting the stones. The stones should be so thrown as to fall near the pillar. If they fall at a distance of three cubits or more from it, they will not be considered Ja’iz, therefore, they should be thrown again, otherwise Jaza will be due.

217. On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, when a pilgrim returns to Mina, the first thing he does is perform Ramy at Jamratul Aqabah. Then he offers sacrifice and after ritual shaving relinquishes Ihram.

218. Ramy Jamar is Wajib. If it is omitted Dam will be due.

219. It is Makruh to make small pieces of stone by breaking a big stone.

220. It is also Makruh to collect small stones from the vicinity of Jamrah, from the mosque or from a place that is defiled.

221. It is Mustahabb to wash the pieces of stones before pelting.

222. Seven pebbles are to be thrown one by one at each Jamrah. If more than one, or all the seven pebbles are thrown at a time, they would be counted as one throw only, even if they fall separately, and remaining six pebbles will have to be thrown, one by one.

223. It is Makruh to throw more than seven pebbles. There is no harm if it is done due to some doubt.

224. i) Only one Dam will be Wajib if a pilgrim (a) fails to perform Ramy on all three days, or (b) fails to perform Ramy on any day, or (c) fails to throw four stones on the first day, or (d) fails to throw eleven stones in total on the remaining two days.

ii) Sadaqah will be due for every stone, if a pilgrim fails to throw three or less pebbles on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, and ten or less pebbles on the remaining two days.

225. Distance is not a condition for Ramy, but it is Sunnah that for the purpose of Ramy a pilgrim should stand at a distance of five cubits or more from a Jamrah. It is Makruh to perform Ramy from a distance less than that.

226. A pilgrim may hold a pebble in any manner he likes while throwing it. However, it is Mustahabb to hold the stone between the thumb and index finger of the right hand.

227. It is also Mustahabb to raise the arm so high while pelting, that his armpit is fully exposed.

228. While pelting, each time Takbir should be recited and the following Du’a also:
(In the name of Allah, Allah is Greatest. I throw this stone to debase Shaytan and to please the most Gracious Allah.)

229. On the tenth of Dhul Hijjah seven stones are to be thrown at Jamratul Aqabah only.

230. Talbiyah is discontinued as a pilgrim reaches Jamratul Aqabah to throw the stones.

231. Masnun time for performing Ramy at Jamratul Aqabah is between sunrise and the Zawal and it is Mubah (permissible), without Karahat (reprehension) till the sunset, and with Karahat till the dawn.

But due to rush, Inshallah, it is hoped that the Karahat will not be operative.

232. On the 11th and 12th Dhul Hijjah, the time for Ramy at all the three Jamrat begins from Zawal and the Masnun time lasts till sunset, and then up to dawn it is Makruh to perform Ramy. But due to rush, in this case also, Inshallah it is hoped that Karahat will not be operative.

233. If a pilgrim delays performing Ramy, without excuse till the next day, Dam will be Wajib and Qada is essential, that is the missed Ramy will have to be performed on any one of the days prescribed for Ramy. If it is not performed during the prescribed period, it lapses and only Dam remains due.

234. If on the 11th and 12th of Dhul Hijjah a pilgrim performs Ramy before noon, it will not be valid. He should repeat it after Zawal otherwise Dam will be due.

235. The pilgrims normally leave for Makkah Mukarramah on 12th Dhul Hijjah. They should make a special note NOT to be in hurry and not to perform Ramy before noon as that Ramy will not be valid and Dam will be Wajib.

236. If a pilgrim stays behind in Mina till the 13th Dhul Hijjah, it is compulsory for him to perform Ramy on that day at all the three Jamarat. Its Masnun time is from Zawal to sunset although it is Ja’iz, with a little Karahat, to perform Ramy before Zawal. If he fails to perform Ramy on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah Dam will be Wajib on him.

237. The Masnun order of performing Ramy on the 11th and 12th, and if one stays in Mina on the 13th Dhul Hijjah also, is detailed below:

i) First on Jamratul Ula which is situated near Masjid Khaif

ii) Then on Jamratul Wusta – the middle one

iii) And lastly, on Jamratul Aqabah.

238. After Ramy at Jamratul Ula and Jamratul Wusta, it is Mustahabb that a pilgrim should make Du’a moving aside from the rush, for the period in which at least 20 verses of the Holy Qur’an could be recited. It is Sunnah to face Qiblah while he stands for Du’a.

239. It is not Masnun on any day to stop for Du’a after performing Ramy at Jamratul Aqabah.

240. It is Sunnah to throw stones in quick succession, while performing Ramy. The interval between pelting two stones is Makruh, and also between performing Ramy at one Jamrah and the other except
the break for Du’a.

241. Ramy can be performed from any side of Jamrah.

242. Without a lawful excuse it is not permissible to get Ramy performed through an agent. Shari’ah allows a person to ask someone else to perform Ramy on his behalf when (i) he is so seriously ill or weak that he is allowed to offer Fard Salah while sitting, (ii) he feels great pain even if he goes to Jamrat in a wheel-chair, (iii) or he fears that his disease will be aggravated if he goes to Jamrat, (iv) or he is not able to walk and no conveyance is available. If he has no such excuse he is not allowed to get
his Ramy performed through an agent. If he does so, Dam will be Wajib. Whether he fails to perform Ramy personally on one day or all the three days, in both cases only one Dam will be Wajib.

243. The Muslim religious jurists have allowed the women and the persons who are old, sick or weak to perform Ramy during Makruh hours in order to avoid heavy rush. The jurists have considered the presence of a big crowd to be an extenuating circumstance in their case. As such it is hoped that in their case, Allah willing, this small lapse will be condoned. The Makruh hours are as follows:

(i) On the 10th Dhul Hijjah before the sunrise and after the sunset till day-break.

(ii) On the 11th Dhul Hijjah after the sunset till the day-break.

(iii) On the 12th Dhul Hijjah also after the sunset till the day-break.

244. On the 12th Dhul Hijjah, it is not necessary for a pilgrim to leave Mina before sunset, but it is Makruh to leave after sunset. However, if a pilgrim leaves Mina after sunset it is Ja’iz although Makruh.

But for a woman and a sick or a weak person it is better to perform Ramy after sunset and then leave for Makkah. Inshallah it will not be reckoned to be Makruh in this case.

245. “Mawalat” or to throw pebbles on all three Jimar continuously is Sunnatul Mu’akkadah, therefore it is Makruh to omit it. If someone performs Ramy on behalf of a disabled person, he should first throw seven pebbles at Jamratul Aqabah on his own behalf and then seven pebbles on behalf of the other person. On the remaining days of Ramy also he should perform his Ramy first at each of the three Jimar and then he should perform Ramy on behalf of the disabled person. However, due to very heavy rush, if a pilgrim who has performed his own Ramy, finds it difficult to return to the first Jamrah to perform the Ramy as an agent, he is allowed to perform Ramy at each Jamrah first on his own behalf and then immediately afterwards on behalf of the disabled person. He can diverge from what is
preferable because of necessity.

246. During the Ramy period it is a Sunnah to pass the nights at Mina. It is Makruh to pass any night or a major portion of it at any other place unless due to heavy rush he is detained at Makkah or in the way, while he goes there for Tawafuz Ziyarah.

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