Ihram - Hajj And Umrah Guide

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IHRAM – ITS RULES AND REGULATIONS

AlSafar Hajj and Umrah Guide
to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage...

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30. In Arabic, Ihram means “not to desecrate” or “to declare a lawful thing as Haraam (unlawful) upon oneself”. According to Shari’ah, Ihram is to enter into a state in which it is prohibited for a person to use certain Halal (lawful) and Mustahabb things, like wearing stitched garments, use of perfume, and
hair cut, after he forms Niyyah for Hajj or Umrah and recites Talbiyah.

31. Usually the two sheets that a pilgrim puts on while in the state of Ihram, are also called “Ihram” but they should not be confused with “Ihram” as such. They are simply worn when a pilgrim enters into the state of Ihram. A pilgrim can change them as often as he likes, whether they are polluted or not. Some people wrongly think that once these sheets are put on, they cannot be taken off. By taking them off or by changing them a pilgrim does not relinquish Ihram. A person becomes Halal or comes out of the state of Ihram in which he had entered with the intention of performing Hajj or Umrah, only when he completes all the essential rites of Hajj or Umrah and has his head shaved or hair cut short.

The rules of Ihram for women are discussed in the chapter relevant to women.

32. Wajibat of Ihram are given as under:

i) To take off the stitched garments. They are not used as long as a pilgrim remains in the state of Ihram.

ii) To assume Ihram at a Miqat, but in no case beyond it. This can also be done at home at the time of departure. Anyhow it is imperative not to cross Miqat without being in the state of Ihram.

iii) To abstain from the things forbidden in the state of Ihram.

33. Before the bath a pilgrim takes for assuming Ihram, it is Mustahabb that he should have his nails cut and shave his armpits and pubic hair, have a bath with soap so as to become thoroughly clean. It has been observed that some people in the state of Ihram have long hair in their armpits, apparently because they had not shaven them for months. It is really very bad if their pubic hair are also that long. It is Mustahabb to shave pubic hair every week or at least once every fortnight. It is Makruh Tahrimy, almost Haraam, not to shave pubic hair for more than forty days. A pilgrim should pay special attention to it before he assumes Ihram.

34. When a pilgrim takes a bath, it is Mustahabb that he should form the Niyyah (intention) that he is taking this bath to assume Ihram. Bath and Wudu are not the conditions for Ihram, nor they are among Wajibat of Ihram but to leave them without any reason is Makruh.

35. It is better if the sheets of Ihram are white but colored ones are also permissible. One sheet of cloth is sufficient for Ihram but it is Sunnah to put on two sheets. It is permissible to have more than two sheets, but not the stitched ones.

36. Seminal discharge, while asleep, does not make any difference in the state of Ihram. The person should have a bath for major cleanliness, should wash the sheets of cloth or even change them.

37. While in Ihram, it is forbidden (for men) to use a pair of slippers or shoes that cover the raised bone in the middle of the foot. Therefore, the footwear must be of the type that leaves the area of the raised bone exposed. If a Muhrim (person in the state of Ihram) wears the shoes that cover the raised bone of the foot for a full day or a night, Dam will become Wajib on him; for a lesser period only Sadaqah is Wajib, that is wheat weighing one and three fourths of a kilo should be distributed among the poor. And if the shoes have been worn just for an hour, a handful of wheat should be given as Sadaqah.

38. While in Ihram, it is forbidden for men to wear socks, gloves, or to bandage or tie a piece of cloth on head and face.

39. While in Ihram, it is forbidden for both men and women to cover their faces in such a manner that the cloth touches either the whole or a part of the face, such as cheeks or nose or chin.

40. While in Ihram, it is forbidden for men to cover their heads, whether whole head or a part of it.

41. A Muhrim is not permitted to wipe his face with a cloth or a towel, because it touches the face. If the cloth touches the face for less than an hour, it becomes Wajib on him to give to the poor a handful of wheat as Sadaqah. However, if he wipes his face with his hand, there is no harm in it. But a man except his head and face, and a woman except her face, can wipe the rest of their body with a towel or a cloth.

42. A Muhrim is not allowed to hunt animals that live on land but he can slaughter and eat the meat of a chicken, a goat, a cow, and a camel, both in Haram and beyond its limits.

43. A Muhrim should not kill a louse if it is on his head, body or clothes and should not remove it from there and throw it down alive on the ground. It is permissible to kill hurtful animals like a snake, a scorpion, a hornet, or a bug, etc.

44. While in Ihram, it is forbidden to use perfume, to apply henna to the head or beard, to trim nails and to remove hair from any part of the body.

45. While in Ihram, it is forbidden to make a mention of Jima (conjugal relations) before women, or to kiss them or to touch them lustfully.
46. Sin is a sin, whether committed in Ihram or without it, but it becomes a grave sin if committed in the state of Ihram, therefore, it is forbidden with a greater emphasis. Picking up quarrel with the companions is also forbidden.

47. It is Makruh to put a button, a knob or a pin or a clip on the edges of the sheets put on in Ihram, but it is permissible if a Muhrim does so to protect the Satr (the area which is forbidden to expose from the navel to below the knees) from being exposed and no Jaza (compensation) will be due for it. It is allowed to wear a belt.

48. A Muhrim may wrap himself, including his feet, in a blanket or quilt but he cannot cover his head or face from it.

49. A Muhrim may put his hand or someone else’s hand, without covering them with a cloth, on his head. He can also keep household utensils, e.g. a cauldron, pots or pans, a cot or a tray, etc. on his head.

50. It is Makruh for a Muhrim to place his face or forehead on a pillow lying upside down. However, cheeks and head can be placed on a pillow.

51. It is Makruh for a Muhrim to comb his hair or beard or to scratch his head or beard in the manner that hair is pulled out. He should scratch his head or beard gently or comb his beard with his fingers so as not to let his hair fall.

52. It is Makruh for a Muhrim to remove the dirt from his body and to comb the disheveled hair. It is in the Hadith that a perfect pilgrim is he, whose hair is matted and whose body and clothes are untidy.

53. For a Muhrim, it is admissible to look into a mirror or to get a tooth pulled out, and Miswak (brushing of teeth with a tooth stick) is, as usual, a Sunnah. But he should not use perfumed tooth powder or tooth paste.

54. While in Ihram, it is Makruh to wear a garland of flowers or to smell the fragrance of flowers or fruits deliberately. If he uses the perfumed soap once daily, Sadaqah will become Wajib on him but if he does so repeatedly, Dam will be Wajib.

55. While in Ihram, it is Makruh to bury his head or face or a part of it under the Kiswah (exterior hangings of Ka’bah). But there is no harm if he wraps himself in the Kiswah provided his head and face are uncovered.

56. It is Makruh to assume Ihram without first performing Nafl Salah. But it is admissible if the time for Salah is Makruh or there is no place to perform the Salah. In such a case he can assume Ihram with the intention of Hajj or Umrah without performing Nafl Salah. To perform Nafl Salah before assuming Ihram is a Sunnah. It is neither Fard nor Wajib.

57. Before assuming Ihram it is Mustahabb to put perfume on the body as well as on the sheets used in Ihram. But that kind of perfume should not be used which leaves body (i.e. its trace) after assuming Ihram. The reason for the prohibition is this that if these sheets of Ihram are later removed for some
reason and then are reused, the Muhrim has to pay the penalty for using perfume while in Ihram.

58. It has been confirmed by reliable sources that on the airplane, the pilgrims are supplied perfumed tissue napkins, and not knowingly, they wipe their hands and face with them. Dam becomes Wajib on a person who wipes his full hand or full face with such perfumed napkins in the state of Ihram.

59. Before he forms Niyyah and assumes Ihram, a person should put on the sheets of cloth. He should keep both the shoulders covered with the sheets. Then after covering his head he should perform Nafl Salah, if the time is not Makruh. This Salah is a Sunnah and it is Mustahabb that in the first Rak’at, he
should recite Suratul Kafirun after the Al-Fatihah and in the second Rak’at, Suratul Ikhlas.

60. After offering the Nafl Salah he should uncover his head and while still sitting, he should make Niyyah for Hajj or Umrah, as given below:

NIYYAH FOR UMRAH
(O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.)

NIYYAH FOR HAJJUL IFRAD
(O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.)

NIYYAH FOR HAJJUL QIRAN
(O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah and Hajj. Make both of them easy for me and accept them from me.)

NOTE: It is forbidden to perform Salah with covered head, after a person has entered in the state of Ihram. Therefore, after assuming Ihram, men should perform Salah with uncovered head.

61. A person while assuming Ihram for Hajj and Umrah can form the Niyyah in his heart. To pronounce it with his tongue is only Mustahabb.

62. After Niyyah, a pilgrim should recite Talbiyah that is Labbaik...( I am present) loudly. To recite Talbiyah once is a condition for Ihram. It is Sunnah to recite it thrice. It must be noted that Talbiyah is not accomplished, if it is silently recited in heart only and not with voice, which is also a condition for it. A woman should not recite Talbiyah in a loud voice.

63. A person should note that the state of Ihram is not accomplished and a person does not become Muhrim unless he forms the Niyyah and recites Talbiyah. To enter into the state of Ihram is yet another name for making Niyyah and reciting Talbiyah.

64. After reciting Talbiyah, a pilgrim should send Salat and Salam (Darud) on Rasulullah and then recite the following Du’a (prayer):
(Oh Allah! I earnestly request You to grant Your pleasure and Paradise and I seek Your protection from Your Wrath and Hell-fire. )

This is the most important Du’a handed down in Hadith from Rasulullah for this occasion. However, a pilgrim can earnestly request Allah to grant him anything he pleases. It is Mustahabb to send Salat and Salam (Durud) on Rasulullah and to pray to Allah in a low voice.

65. It is Mustahabb to recite Talbiyah in every new situation, when a person boards a conveyance or alights it or changes its direction, while ascending or descending, at day-break when awakening, after the Salah (Fard or Nafl), when meeting some one. It is most virtuous to recite Talbiyah as frequently as
a person can. He should not talk in between the recitation.

66. While ascending, it is Mustahabb to say Takbir: Allahu Akbar (Allah is Great), with Talbiyah, and while descending, to say Tasbih: Subhan Allah (Praise be to Allah) with it.

67. In a group of people, every person should recite Talbiyah individually. It has become a custom that people recite Talbiyah in chorus, though it is a wrong practice yet it is so widely acknowledged a practice that it should not be criticized.

AlSafar Hajj Umrah Guide
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This guide has been developed to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage, to perform Hajj and Umrah. It is essential that you understand what you can and cant do before you start the journey of a lifetime.

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