Islamic Glossary - Hajj And Umrah Guide


Islamic Glossary for Hajj and Umrah

AlSafar Hajj and Umrah Guide
to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage...


Adhan: The call for Salah.
Adhkar: Plural of Dhikar (remembrance of Allah)
Afaqi: Literally “outsider”, one who lives beyond the boundaries of a “Miqat”.
Afdal: More virtuous
Akhirah: Hereafter, the next world
Ahkam: Laws, rules
Ahadith: Plural of Hadith
Ayyamut Tashriq: The period between the 9th and the 13th Dhul Hijjah, see Serial Nos. 184-185.

Barkah: Beneficent force of divine origin, which causes superabundance in the physical sphere and prosperity and happiness in the psychic order.
Bid’ah: Innovation

Dam: Animal sacrifice as a penalty
Dhikar: Remembrance of Allah
Din: Religion
Du’a: Solemn request and humble petition to Allah, prayer, supplication

Fard: A religious duty explicitly mentioned in the Qur’an or Sunnah (in case of Hajj and Umrah, an integral part of it).
Fara’id: Plural of Fard
Fasiq: Sinful
Firdows: The Paradise

Hadith: Tradition – the recorded words, actions and sanctions of Rasulullah (peace be upon him).
Haraam: Unlawful
Hajarul Aswad: The black stone. It is a stone said to have been brought from paradise. Its pieces are set in a silver frame in the wall at man’s chest height in the south eastern corner of Baitullah.
Halal: Lawful
Halq: Get the head shaved
Hatim: The semi-circular wall surrounding Baitullah on the northern side. It is a part of Ka’bah and while performing Tawaf it is wajib to include this piece of land.
Hill: The area lying between a Miqat and the boundaries of the Haram.
Hamd and Thana: Glorifying and lauding Allah

Ibadah: An act of worship; an act of adoration
Iddah: The waiting period
Idtiba: To place the upper sheet of Ihram on the left shoulder after making it pass through the right arm-pit ( see Serial No. 114).
Ifrad: A kind of Hajj when a person makes Niyyah to perform simple Hajj
Imam: The person who leads the Salah
Istighfar: Seeking forgiveness of Allah; prayer to seek His forgiveness
Istilam: To kiss Hajarul Aswad either actually or symbolically. (see Serial No. 88)
Istiqbal of Hajarul Aswad: To stand on the line made of Black Stone so as to face Hajarul Aswad. (see Serial No. 85)
I’tikaf: A retreat in a Masjid for worship and meditation

Ja’iz: Permissible, allowed
Jamarat: Plural of Jamrah
Jama’ah: The congregation
Janabah: State of major pollution for which bath is necessary, defilement.
Jaza: Recompense
Jimar: Plural of Jamrah

Karahat: That which is Makruh, that is reprehensible
Kafir: An infidel

Makruh: Reprehensible
Makruhan Tahriman (Makruh Tahrimi): Abominable, approximately towards unlawfulness
Makruhat: Plural of Makruh
Masnun: That which is approved by Sunnah
Mathurah: Handed down by Hadith
Mataf: The place where Tawaf is performed
Mawalat: Uninterrupted succession
Mawaqit: Plural of Miqat
Miqat: A place traditionally stipulated, beyond which no Muslim can go towards Makkah, without being in the state of Ihram. (see Serial No. 24).
Miswak: Tooth stick
Mubah: Being attended neither with praise nor blame
Mufrid: A pilgrim who performs Hajjul Ifrad
Muharramat: Plural of Muharram (Haraam)
Muhrim: The pilgrim in the state of Ihram
Muqim: A resident
Muqtadi: A person who follows the Imam in Salah
Mustahabb: Commendable, desirable, preferable
Mutamatti: A pilgrim who performs Hajjul Tamattu

Nafl: Supererogatory
Niyyah: Intention

Qada: The missed or deliberately omitted act of worship
Qarin: A pilgrim who performs Hajjul Qiran
Qasr: To get hair cut short; curtailed Fard Salah by a Musafir (traveler)
Qiran: To perform Hajj and Umrah in one Ihram
Qiyam: To remain standing
Qurbani: Sacrifice of a goat, sheep or 1/7th of a camel or cow
Qurra: Plural of Qari, a person who recites the Qur'an with the proper rules of recitation.

Rak’atain: Two Rak’at Salah
Ramal: To walk with short and quick steps and with jerking of shoulders (see Serial No. 117)
Rukn: Essential element
Rawdah: Garden; metaphorically the Sacred Chamber, where Rasulullah (peace be upon him) rests.

Sadaqah: Charity
Salah: (Namaz) Prayer performed in a prescribed form
Salam: To greet
Salat Alan Nabiyye: (Durud Sharif) To send blessings and salutations on Rasulullah (peace be upon him)
Satr: The portion of body that must be covered, i.e., from naval to the knees for men.
Sah-w: Forgetfully missed
Shari’ah: Islamic law
Shafa’ah: Intercession
Sunan: Plural of Sunnah
Sunnah: What Rasulullah (peace be upon him) has commended; in accordance with the practice of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him)
Sunnatul Mu’akkadah: A compulsory Sunnah, a Sunnah on which special emphasis has been laid by the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) or his companions or which has been in constant practice of the Muslims as a body.

Tahiyyatul Masjid: Literally “Greeting to the Mosque”. Two Rak’at Nafl Salah which may be offered on entering into a Masjid. But this Salah need not be offered on entering Masjidul Haraam, for its Tahiyyah is a Tawaf.
Tahlil: To say “La Ilaha Illallah”. It is better to add Muhammadur Rasulullah (peace be upon him)
Takbir: To say “Allahu Akbar”
Takbirat: Plural of Takbir
Tasbih: To say: “Subhanallah”. It also means rosary and to count on its beads.
Tawbah: Return to Allah with repentance
Tamattu: To combine Hajj and Umrah
Thana: Praise of Allah
Thawab: Recompense

Wajib: Obligatory in the second degree, an act omitting of which is not allowed, binding.
Wajibat: Plural of Wajib
Wudu: Ablution
Wuquf: Literally means “To Stop, To Stay”

Zawal: Exact declining of sun

AlSafar Hajj Umrah Guide
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Al Safar Tours offers Hajj and Umrah flights and hotels with secure online booking. Please call us to take care of the visa to complete your Hajj or Umrah package.

This guide has been developed to help you prepare for the sacred pilgrimage, to perform Hajj and Umrah. It is essential that you understand what you can and cant do before you start the journey of a lifetime.


Following the recent death of Muhithur Rahman Chowdhury, AlSafar Tours is now closed. If you find the contents of this site useful please remember him in your prayers, especially during Hajj and Umrah. Jazakh Allah Khair

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